Simple Present is the most basic verb tense in English. It is also the most common. It has many uses. Read the lesson below to learn more about the simple present.
Simple Present Structure
Subject + Base Verb + Object
- I like pizza.
- She lives in Toronto.
- We have a dog.
- They go to school.
For “he”, “she”, and “it” use the third-person verb. This is the same as the base verb, but it has an “s” on the end:
1. Base Verb ——– play, live, run
2. 3rd Person Verb ——– plays, lives, runs
This table shows the difference between the third person pronouns. Notice the “s” on the end of the word.
Here are all the pronouns with the verbs in simple present:
- I like pizza.
- You like pizza.
- He likes pizza.
- She likes pizza.
- It likes pizza.
- We like pizza.
- They like pizza.
Negatives in simple present use do not or does not. They also use be + not.
Do Not/Does Not
Subject + Do/Does +not + base verb
- I do not like pizza.
- She does not play baseball.
After do not or does not the verb is always in the base form.
- He likes soccer.
- He does not like soccer.
- She studies English.
- She does not study English.
Here is a table that shows all the negative forms using do not or does not in the simple present.
Be + Not
Negative sentences can also use the verb to be and not. They look like these examples:
- I am not a doctor.
- She is not hungry.
- They are not from Africa.
Are you ready to practice the simple present? Try these simple present tests:
Here is a reading test you can use to practice your reading comprehension.
This song by Coldplay helps you practice your listening skills and the simple present verb tense: