The writing section tests your ability to write in English. You must complete two tasks:
- Integrated Writing
- Independent Writing
The information below will help you with each task of the writing section.
TOEFL Integrated Writing
In the integrated questions, you must read and listen and then write a summary. This is the breakdown:
- 4 paragraphs
- 3 minutes
- Approximately 300 words
- 2 minutes
- 150-225 words
- 20 minutes
The writing is a summary of the reading and the lecture. Most importantly, you must include all the key information from both. You are scored on three major components:
- Content (Ability to Summarize)
- Language and Grammar
In the independent section, you must write an essay based on a question you are given. This is an example question:
“When people succeed, it is because of hard work. Luck has nothing to do with success.” Do you agree or disagree with the quotation above? Use specific reasons and examples to explain your position.
You write a persuasive essay based on your opinion. You have 30 minutes to write at least 300 words.You are scored on these categories:
- Task Completion (Do you answer the question?)
- Language and Grammar
TOEFL Writing Strategies
These strategies and tips will help you succeed on the TOEFL writing section.
Write at least 150 and 300 words.
You will receive penalties if you do not write enough words. Don’t waste time continuously counting your words, but make sure at the end that you have enough words.
Use the proper format.
Follow the format for a summary and for an essay. Each has its own structure you need to learn and use. Also, use the proper format for writing with these tips:
- Leave a blank line between paragraphs.
- Indent a new paragraph.
- Do not use bulleted or numbered lists, charts, or
- Always use full sentences.
Follow the writing process.
You need to have a plan. A good writing process keeps you organized and helps you complete the task. Writing should have three steps:
- Use an outline.
- Planning should be about 5-10 minutes.
- Good planning makes writing much easier and faster.
Write quickly and edit after.
- Leave time at the end to edit.
- Editing should be about 5-10 minutes.
- Editing for common errors.
Write in a logical order.
Organize your points in an order that makes the most sense. Your paragraphs and sentences should be easy to
follow and understand.
Stay on track.
Stay focused on the topic. Everything you write should have a purpose and should support your thesis or main
Use specific examples.
Examples make your ideas stronger and clearer. They also show you can organize a paragraph. Make sure your
examples are specific and related to your idea.
Use transitional words to connect each argument.
Transitional words make your writing easier to follow. They also show you are organized. Here are the major
However As well Also
Moreover Likewise Therefore
Although For example In addition
Use proper language and grammar.
- Don’t try grammar you are not comfortable with.
- Try to use a variety of words – make sure you know
- Maintain the tense throughout the essay.
Use an academic writing style.
- No slang
- No contractions
- Write concisely and clearly.
- Do not add extra words that are not necessary.