Gerunds and Infinitives are two different forms of verbs.  







Gerunds and infinitives are verbs that act like nouns.  They can
be either the
subject or the object of the sentence.

Look at this example:

  • Soccer is fun.  (Soccer is a noun)

The subject of this sentence is soccer, which is a noun.  If the
subject is a verb, it can be a gerund or infinitive.

  • Playing soccer is fun.
  • To play soccer is fun.

The verb
play acts like a noun in these sentences, so it must be
a gerund or infinitive.


Subjects

Subjects are usually at the beginning of the sentence.  They
are the thing doing the action.  

Gerund:          
Running is fun.
Infinitive:        
To run is fun.

It is better to use a
gerund as the subject of the sentence.  An
infinitive is very formal and does not sound very good in
conversation.


Objects

When a verb is the object of the sentence it can be either a
gerund or infinitive.  It
can't be a base verb.

Gerund:       Verb = Verb + ING
  • I like running.

Infinitive:      Verb + To + Verb
  • I like to run.


Deciding between a gerund and an infinitive as an object is
much more difficult than subjects.  You must learn which
verbs are followed by gerunds, infinitives, or both.  

The tables show which verbs are followed by gerunds and
which are followed by infinitives.


Verbs Followed by Gerunds












Verbs Followed by Infinitives











Verbs Followed by Both













Practice Gerunds & Infinitives with these tests:

Gerunds & Infinitives Test # 1

Gerunds & Infinitives Test # 2

Gerunds & Infinitives Test # 3
Gerunds
Infinitives
Verb + ING
To + Verb
  • Reading
  • Playing
  • To Read
  • To Play
Agree
Claim
Expect
Know
how
Prepare
Tend
Appear
Consent
Fail
Learn
Pretend
Threaten
Arrange
Decide
Forget
Manage
Promise
Try
Ask
Demand
Happen
Mean
Seem
Wait
Care
Deserve
Hesitate
Need
Struggle
Want
Choose
Desire
Hope
Offer
Swear
Wish
Can afford
Choose
Hate
Plan
Stop
Allow
Continue
Hesitate
Prefer
Threaten
Attempt
Dread
Intend
Pretend
Try
Can bear
Expect
Like
Regret
 
Begin
Forget
Love
Remember
 
Can't stand
Go
Neglect
Start
 
Admit
Delay
Give up
Quit
Suggest
Anticipate
Deny
Imagine
Recall
Tolerate
Appreciate
Discuss
Keep
Recollect
Understand
Avoid
Dislike
Mention
Recommend
 
Can't help
Don't mind
Mind
Report
 
Can't stand
Enjoy
Miss
Resent
 
Complete
Finish
Postpone
Resist
 
Consider
Get through
Practice
Risk
 

Gerunds & Infinitives

Business English